DUKOVSKA, Valentina and SOFIJANOVA, Aspazija and DUMA, Filip and JUZEVSKI, Zhivko (2010) ASPHYXIA AND DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOME IN HIGH RISK INFANTS. Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation, 11 (1-2). pp. 25-38. ISSN 1409-6099

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Asphyxia is a risk factor that is very often related to neuro-developmental issues in high risk infants and equally affects preterm and term infants, however its outcome on the developed brain differs from the outcome on the preterm brain. In preterm infants, asphyxia usually exerts a hemorrhagic or ischaemic event and periventricular leukomalacia. In term infants, asphyxia leads to cerebral edema and atrophy of the brain, which may later lead to hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE). The number of term infants with HIE who have survived is lower than those of preterm infants, while the percentage of term infants with HIE who have neuro-developmental issues is higher. Preemies face more problems in their motor development as a result of the brain damage, while term infants suffer from encephalopathy and their cognitive abilities are more affected. We have conducted a study about the effects that asphyxia has on the developmental outcomes in high risk infants. In our study, we did a longitudinal developmental follow-up of 30 high risk infants and an evaluation of their developmental outcome using the Griffiths Mental Development Scales, from the 4th month of life until the end of the 36th month. First, we found that high risk infants had a much lower developmental outcome than the control group during the trial. Finally, we found that asphyxia makes a difference in the developmental outcome of preterm infants without asphyxia who have a very low birth weight, the preterm infants with asphyxia, and the term infants with HIE-II.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: L Education > LC Special aspects of education
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Vladimir Trajkovski
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2015 12:57
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2015 12:57

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