PREVALENCE OF NAIL BITING AMONG PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN BITOLA

RAJCHANOVSKA, Domnika and IVANOVSKA ZAFIROVA, Beti (2011) PREVALENCE OF NAIL BITING AMONG PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN BITOLA. Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation, 12 (1-2). pp. 56-68. ISSN 1409-6099

[img] Archive
56-68 rajchanovska.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (410kB)
Official URL: http://jser.fzf.ukim.edu.mk

Abstract

Nail biting may have a significant role in the development of some anomalies and harmful effects upon the oral-facial system. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of nail biting among preschool children in Bitola. Methods: Through an observational, intersection (cross-sectional) study, 890 children who came to medical checkups during the period from January to December 2009 were included. The following methods were applied: psychological testing (Test of Chuturikj), pediatric examination, interview with parents and the questionnaire: Child Behaviour Checklist-Achenbach, 1981. Results: The study included 890 children, 401 of which were at the age of three, 489 were at the age of five, 51.6% of them were males and 48.4% females. The level of prevalence of nail biting was 22.02%. The statistical analysis showed that the habit is more insignificant (p>0.05) in children at the age of 5 and among the male gender. The tested difference in the frequency of nail biting among children from the cities or villages was not statistically significant (p>0.05). Children who do not have their own room more often manifest this habit statistically insignificantly (p>0.05). Depending on the number of members and children in the family, the tested differences were statistically significant (p<0.05). However, in terms of the order of the child’s birth they were statistically insignificant (p>0.05). Children whose parents have a high education level significantly less bite their nails (p<0.01). Increased presence of this habit is found among respondents in families with average incomes, with p=0.004. Conclusion: Dentists and pediatricians should work together on prevention, early diagnosis and treatment of this habit, in order to achieve an impact over dental development.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: L Education > LC Special aspects of education
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Vladimir Trajkovski
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2015 10:53
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2015 10:53
URI: http://eprints.jser.fon.edu.mk/id/eprint/82

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item