PREVALENCE AND CAUSES OF BLINDNESS AMONG MACEDONIAN ADULT POPULATION

DIMITROVA-RADOJICHIKJ, Daniela (2017) PREVALENCE AND CAUSES OF BLINDNESS AMONG MACEDONIAN ADULT POPULATION. Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation, 18 (1-2). pp. 17-25. ISSN 1409-6099

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Official URL: http://jser.fzf.ukim.edu.mk

Abstract

Goal: To determine prevalence and causes of blindness among adults (≥ 26 years age) in five municipalities in the Republic of Macedonia. Methods: The ophthalmology statements of registered people with blindness who are beneficiaries of social welfare in 2015 were reviewed. Results: A total of 475 records were included in the research. The mean age of the persons was 64.1 (range 26-87), both male and female. Blindness was found to be significantly associated with increasing age (p<0.001). There was gender difference in the prevalence of blindness (p=0.0310).The rate of blindness was estimated to be 0.24% (95% CI:0.22-0.26). The most common causes were cataract (23.2%), then glaucoma (21.7%) and diabetic retinopathy (12.8%). Many of the causes of blindness were potentially avoidable, with cataract and glaucoma as leading etiology. Conclusion: The results of this study point to the initiation of coordinated activities to prevent blindness caused from cataract, glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: L Education > LC Special aspects of education
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Vladimir Trajkovski
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2017 14:01
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2017 14:01
URI: http://eprints.jser.fon.edu.mk/id/eprint/283

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