EXPLORATORY STUDY: STRESS, COPING AND SUPPORT AMONG PARENTS OF CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS

NOLCHEVA, Meri and TRAJKOVSKI, Vladimir (2015) EXPLORATORY STUDY: STRESS, COPING AND SUPPORT AMONG PARENTS OF CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS. Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation, 16 (3-4). pp. 84-100. ISSN 1409-6099

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Abstract

Introduction: Each year more families are confronted with unique challenges related to raising a child with ASD. Parenting stress is a significant aspect of fulfilling the role as a parent, and having a child with ASD greatly influences the experienced stress. The literature review indicates that parenting stress is inversely proportional to family support and coping mechanisms. Aim: Appraising the stress level among parents of children with ASD, the coping mechanisms and the level of family support, in comparison with parents of children diagnosed with ID. Method: A group of parents of children with ASD (N=35) and a second group of children with ID (N=35) completed four question¬nnaires: PSI-SF, Brief COPE, FSS and demographic questionnaire. The data was analyzed using t-test for comparison, Chi-square test for comparing frequency distributions and Pearson coefficient for correlation, with p<0.05 level of significance. Results: Parenting stress did not differ between the two groups. The coping mec¬hanisms used by the parents of children with ASD showed that increased usage of distrac¬tion (r=0.469) and disengagement (r=0.567) increased the level of parenting stress. Family support (r=-0.415) is a key buffer and coping mechanism for managing the stress in parents of children with ASD. Conclusion: There are no differences in the level of stress, coping mechanisms and the level of support comparing parents of children with ASD and ID.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: L Education > LC Special aspects of education
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Vladimir Trajkovski
Date Deposited: 01 Nov 2015 19:18
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2015 19:18
URI: http://eprints.jser.fon.edu.mk/id/eprint/265

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